The Past in the Present is part of the photography curriculum at Avans AKV│St Joost, Breda. Students are encouraged to develop an effective way of problematizing a subject, and of analyzing its place in history with the use of texts and/or images. The process of critical reflection, research, analysis and interrogating the representation of the subject is more important than the outcome. Students are expected to formulate their ideas and questions clearly and effectively, and to demonstrate their growing depth of understanding. They are also expected to express their reflections on this specific past in the form of a textual and/or visual essay.